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NSSO Estimate of the Magnitude of Child Labour in India,

1993-2004/05 (in millions)

1993-94 (50th Round) 7.35(BOYES) 6.51(GIRLS) 13.86(ALL)

1999-00 (55th Round) 5.37(BOYES)  4.76(GIRLS) 10.13(ALL)

2004-05 (61st Round) 4.76(BOYES)  4.31(GIRLS)  9.07(ALL)

NSSO data also shows that, Uttar Pradesh account for a larger share of close to

one-fourth of all child workforces in India followed by Andhra Pradesh, with 13

percent. Similar to 2001 census figures, UP and AP states have captured the first

and second place in terms of magnitude of child labour as revealed by NSSO

(2004-05) data. Maharastra and West Bengal respectively garnered nine and eight

percent of India’s child employment. The share of Uttar Pradesh has dramatically

shot up compared to 50th round of NSSO data (1993-94) from less than 13 per cent

to close to 23 per cent in 2004-05, which is a cause for serious concern. On the

other hand, the share of Andhra Pradesh seems to have declined quite

considerably but remains significant.

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Magnitude of Child Labour in India
An Analysis of Official Sources of Data (Draft)

**The NCLP Scheme started in 1988, has so far covered 400,200 working children. About 3.08 lakh
children have been mainstreamed into formal education system so far. The Scheme is
running in 250 districts in 14 states. Even after discounting for the inherent problems in
the NCLP scheme the coverage is very low compared to the magnitude of the problem
(12 million according to 2001 population census) even by the official statistics. In fact the
magnitude of child labour has increased in absolute terms by about one million between 1991 and 2001.

**Magnitude of Child Labour in India:
According to Census of India, 2001, there were 12.26 million working children in
the age group of 5-14 years as compared to 11.3 million in 1991 revealing an
increasing trend in absolute numbers though the work participation rates of
children (5-14) has come down from 5.4 percent during 1991 to 5 percent during
2001. The recent round of the National Sample Survey (NSSO) estimates suggests
that the child labour in the country is around 8.9 million in 2004/2005 with a workforce participation rate of 3.4 per cent (NSSO 2004/05). Due to definitional
problems, as discussed is this paper, a substantial proportion of child labour may
remain uncounted.

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